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Types of Brain Damage

On Behalf of | Nov 1, 2022 | Traumatic brain injury

Brain damage can be very broadly defined and affect all of the brains because of any damage to the tissue, whether physical or neurological, such as a stroke or tumor. According to seasoned Florida health professionals, here are some of the most common types of brain injuries:

1. Concussion

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that occurs when the head is hit, causing damage to the brain. Concussions leave you with headaches, dizziness, and memory loss. This type of brain damage is most common in sports such as soccer, boxing, and football, but it can happen to anyone.

2. Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) typically results from a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the brain inside the skull. The extent of TBI ranges from mild cases that cause moderate headaches and temporary confusion to severe cases that result in coma or death. TBI commonly causes memory loss, cognitive changes, sensory problems, and behavioral changes after recovery. Depending on the damage, mental and physical recovery may take months or years.

3. Brain tumor

Brain tumors are cancerous tumors that can develop in any part of the brain but are most common in the cerebellum and pineal gland. These tumors can cause headaches, seizures, dizziness, and loss of coordination as they grow throughout the brain. Treatment is usually surgery to remove the tumor or radiation, but most patients live with their brain tumors all their lives.

4. Brain hemorrhages

A brain hemorrhage is when an artery in the brain breaks, causing bleeding into the tissue of the brain. Hemorrhages can cause headaches, confusion, and loss of coordination and balance. They can be caused by a blood clot in the brain and require medical treatment immediately, as they can cause death if not treated.

5. Penetrating injury

A penetrating injury occurs when an object pierces the skull and damages the brain directly. These injuries are often caused by gunshots, knives, saws, machetes, and other sharp objects that pierce the skull. They may result in extreme head pain, loss of consciousness (coma), dizziness, and a change in personality or behavior known as post-traumatic amnesia (PTA).

Brain damage can be very broad and can affect all parts of your brain if there is damage to the tissue. It can also be very unpredictable and result in mental disorders. This affects your life span and ability to work.